Highest Risk Of Accidental Peanut Exposure May Be At Home

Children with a peanut allergy may be most at risk for peanut exposure in their own home, according to a McGill University research study. Participating children had experienced allergic reactions to peanuts prior to joining the study. The research was set up to determine how exposure occurs, the severity and outcomes of the exposures, and the type of treatments used.

The findings of this research include:

  • Of the 567 peanut exposures that occurred during the study, 11.3 percent involved severe reactions, and 50.1 percent were moderate reactions.
  • Of the severe reactions, only 42 percent were seen by a medical professional, and nearly one in six received no medical attention.
  • Of the moderate reactions, medical help was sought by only 25 percent of participants.
  • Exposures occurred 37 percent of the time in the child’s own home, and 14.3 percent of the time in other people’s homes.
  • Restaurants were involved in 9.3 percent of the exposures.
  • Daycares and schools forbidding peanuts on campus accounted for 4.9 percent of exposure cases.
  • Daycares and schools that allowed peanuts accounted for 3 percent of the exposures.
  • Adolescents were at higher risk, likely because of their natural tendency for risk-taking behavior.

Researchers surmise that the lower incidence of exposure in schools allowing peanuts is related to two things. First, schools allowing peanuts might have heightened PA awareness and do an excellent job of controlling exposure risk. Second, in schools disallowing peanuts, allergic children may have a false sense of security and try unsafe food inadvertently brought into the school.

More About the Research

This study involved 1,941 children diagnosed with a peanut allergy. The 567 exposures happened to 429 of the children. The mean age of kids beginning the study was about 7 years, and children participated for nearly three years, on average.

Researchers found accidental exposures diminished as the study progressed, likely owed to parents and children developing increased awareness and improved peanut avoidance strategies.

“The most significant finding...is that most moderate and severe accidental exposures are managed inappropriately by caregivers and physicians. We believe that more education is required on the importance of strict allergen avoidance and the need for prompt and correct management of anaphylaxis,” said researcher Sabrine Cherkaoui.

McGill University is a leading medical-doctoral university in Canada.

Source: Science Daily
Photo: Pexels

Community

More Articles

You might have wondered if small amounts of an ingredient can be added to a food product without being declared on the food’s label. The FDA...

Is it possible to eat your way to a food allergy cure? Scientists think it’s...

There are many reasons why you may want to substitute almond flour for wheat flour in recipes. Of course, if you have a...

Not all oils are created equal. Some oils are high in saturated fats or in trans-fatty acids – not good for general health. Some are partially...

It may never be safe to begin feeding peanut butter to your baby or toddler if you have peanut allergies in your family. If either parent or one...

More Articles

More Articles

What is a peanut allergy? It is a reaction that occurs in the body after eating peanuts or peanut...

For those with severe food allergies, flying can be a stressful process. Here are...

Approximately one out of 13 children under age 18 are allergic to at least one food, though many of them will outgrow their allergy by the age of...

Fact 1: Over a third of food allergy reactions happen after the first known oral...

The reason why some people are affected by allergies while others are not begins in their genes. Allergies are passed down from generation to...

Here’s a tip that might someday save your life, or that of a loved one: two to four times a year, review the proper way to use your epinephrine...

Lactose intolerance is the inability to process lactose, a sugar found in milk, caused by the lack of a needed enzyme. Those with lactose...

Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA)

An important part of peanut allergy awareness was enacted on January 1, 2006...

Tomato allergies are very rare. They are a "type 1 allergy," which means a contact allergy. When a person with this type of allergy touches a...

Milk allergies are becoming more common, especially in babies and small children. There is some confusion about what is an allergic reaction and...

Recognizing food allergy in babies or toddlers is not always easy, but there are specific risk factors and signs that parents and other caregivers...

Burlap bags are often used to store and ship coffee beans, potatoes, rice, seeds, nuts, and peanuts. They can be one of the disguised...

People with pollen allergies need to stay away from some foods. If you have allergic rhinitis in the spring or fall, you may not realize that you...

Of course, everyone knows that if you have a peanut allergy that you should avoid peanuts, peanut butter, peanut butter cookies and foods that...

Eating at a nut-free lunch table in school is a safety precaution that causes some students to feel isolated from their peers. Unfortunately,...