After the Big-8: The Next Six Allergenic Foods

Milk, eggs, fish, crustacean shellfish, tree nuts, peanuts, wheat, and soybean account for about 90 percent of food allergies in the U.S.

These allergenic foods, sometimes called the Big-8, must be listed on food labels in the U.S., and in several other countries.

The Next Six

After the Big-8 allergens comes the Next-6, six more foods frequently linked to severe allergic reactions. The half-dozen culprits are buckwheat, celery, lupin, molluscan shellfish, mustard, and sesame.

There are no U.S. regulations for labeling these six foods. However, labeling is mandatory according to European (celery, lupin, molluscan shellfish, mustard, and sesame), Canadian (sesame), Japanese (buckwheat, squid), and Australian/New Zealand (sesame) regulations.

Just as the Big-8 can "hide" within processed food and accidentally eaten by allergic consumers, so can the Next-6. For instance, flour substitutes may contain buckwheat, a culinary oil might be sesame oil, and spices on a food label can include mustard or celery.

Seeds: Buckwheat, Mustard, Sesame

Buckwheat, mustard, and sesame seeds might be used whole, milled, or made into pastes or oils. Because they are heat stable, their allergenic proteins remain intact in processed and heated foods.

    Buckwheat is sometimes a wheat flour substitute in baked products. An allergy to buckwheat is more prevalent in countries such as Korea and Japan, than in the U.S. Buckwheat is typically tolerated by those with a wheat allergy. Reactions range from skin rashes to anaphylaxis.

    Mustard is used in a variety of foods such as instant soups, baby food, and pickled veggies. In those who are allergic, mustard can cause severe skin reactions, gastrointestinal, and anaphylactic reactions.

    Sesame is used in food, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic items—often in oil, or paste form. Skin, respiratory, gastrointestinal, and anaphylactic responses can occur.

A Veggie, Bean, and Ocean Dweller

Celery, lupin, and molluscan shellfish also retain their allergenic potential through processing or heating.

    Celery is consumed as a stand-alone vegetable and spices processed foods such as dressings, soups, and broths. Celery reactions are frequently associated with pollen allergy, and are more common in countries that regularly consume raw celery (e.g., Germany, France, Switzerland). Reactions range from mild discomfort in the mouth to severe systemic responses.

    Lupin, a legume, is an increasingly popular food ingredient, and when milled substitutes for soy or wheat flours in processed products. Some people with peanut allergy also react to lupin. Mouth, skin, respiratory symptoms, or anaphylaxis can occur.

    Molluscan shellfish include the gastropods (e.g., abalones, land/marine snails, limpets, whelks), bivalves (e.g., oysters, scallops, mussels), and cephalopods (e.g., octopus, squid).

    Those who develop an allergy to one type of mollusk often react to the others, and may be allergic to crustacean shellfish, dust mites, and cockroach as well. Gastrointestinal and respiratory symptoms can be local and mild, or systemic and severe.

cite>Source: University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Photo credit: TheDeliciousLife

Latest Community Discussions

Latest Post by Sarah McKenzie Fri, 05/22/2020 - 12:57pm
Comments: 6
Latest Post by JRM20 Wed, 05/20/2020 - 9:30am
Comments: 5
Latest Post by justme Mon, 05/18/2020 - 12:36pm
Comments: 45
Latest Post by krisztina Thu, 02/20/2020 - 4:49pm
Comments: 1

Peanut Free Store

More Articles

It Is Easy To Buy Peanut Free Chocolate Online

Ask any parent of a child with a potentially life-...

Peanuts can cause one of the most serious allergic reactions of all food products. Researchers speculate...

Tree nuts and peanuts are distinctly different. An allergy to one does not guarantee an allergy to the other. Peanuts are considered legumes and...

Whether you have a child with a peanut allergy or you are sensitive to packing a nut-free lunch out of concern for other people’s children, it is...

The most frightening thing about a severe allergic reaction to a new food is that it can happen so fast. If parents are not looking for allergic...

Those with severe peanut allergies soon learn to look for the 'peanut-free sign' on any packaged food purchase. This is a notation found on a wide...

Cakes are a central part of many celebrations, from kids' birthdays to weddings. For those with severe ...

For many people with peanut allergies, baked goods present one of the most significant risks. Even if...

A recent study published in the Journal of American College of Nutrition by Mahnaz Rezaeyan Safar and a number of her colleagues has found some...

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is an overarching term for a number of progressive lung diseases, including emphysema, chronic...

For individuals suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), managing the symptoms and avoiding exacerbations can be a full-time...

Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that causes itchy patches of inflammation and scale on your skin. The severity of psoriasis symptoms varies...

Kim Kardashian, an immensely famous reality star and the wife of acclaimed rapper Kanye West, has spoken out about her struggle with psoriasis....

Paul Wilson, a long-term marathon runner and asthma sufferer, is urging other people with asthma to support a new campaign aimed at raising...

Psoriasis is a common skin condition that causes a buildup of cells on the skin surface, resulting in dry, red patches on the body and/or face....

Sufferers of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) will tell you that the most difficult symptom to deal with is morning stiffness. With nearly 90 percent of...

Knowing which medication is right for you can often be a confusing and overwhelming process. The specific type of asthma medication you require...

Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune condition that causes painful scaly patches on the skin. Although psoriasis is a very common skin condition,...

Although there are multiple treatments available for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), those suffering from the condition can still find themselves...

Patients undergoing biologic treatment for psoriasis, a relatively common inflammatory skin condition, have seen a reduction in arterial plaque...