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Posted on: Sun, 02/29/2004 - 5:11am
marina_twinmom's picture
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What does S741 do for allergen labeling?? (I read the summary from the linked web page, and it sounds like S741 is just about animal drugs.)

Posted on: Sun, 02/29/2004 - 5:16am
marina_twinmom's picture
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Okay. I just did a search on the Thomas web site, and found this:
[url="http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/F?c108:3:./temp/~c108znGD8Q:e109326:"]http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/F?c108:3:./temp/~c108znGD8Q:e109326:[/url]
Glad to hear that my state's senators support it. [img]http://uumor.pair.com/nutalle2/peanutallergy/smile.gif[/img]

Posted on: Sun, 02/29/2004 - 7:19am
Joanne's picture
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This is Title 2 of S741,
SEC. 201. SHORT TITLE.
This title may be cited as the `Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act of 2003'.
SEC. 202. FINDINGS.
Congress finds that--
(1) it is estimated that--
(A) approximately 2 percent of adults and about 5 percent of infants and young children in the United States suffer from food allergies; and
(B) each year, roughly 30,000 individuals require emergency room treatment and 150 individuals die because of allergic reactions to food;
(2)(A) eight major foods or food groups--milk, eggs, fish, Crustacean shellfish, tree nuts, peanuts, wheat, and soybeans--account for 90 percent of food allergies;
(B) at present, there is no cure for food allergies; and
(C) a food allergic consumer must avoid the food to which the consumer is allergic;
(3)(A) in a review of the foods of randomly selected manufacturers of baked goods, ice cream, and candy in Minnesota and Wisconsin in 1999, the Food and Drug Administration found that 25 percent of sampled foods failed to list peanuts or eggs as ingredients on the food labels; and
(B) nationally, the number of recalls because of unlabeled allergens rose to 121 in 2000 from about 35 a decade earlier;
(4) a recent study shows that many parents of children with a food allergy were unable to correctly identify in each of several food labels the ingredients derived from major food allergens;
(5)(A) ingredients in foods must be listed by their `common or usual name';
(B) in some cases, the common or usual name of an ingredient may be unfamiliar to consumers, and many consumers may not realize the ingredient is derived from, or contains, a major food allergen; and
(C) in other cases, the ingredients may be declared as a class, including spices, flavorings, and certain colorings, or are exempt from the ingredient labeling requirements, such as incidental additives; and
(6)(A) celiac disease is an immune-mediated disease that causes damage to the gastrointestinal tract, central nervous system, and other organs;
(B) the current recommended treatment is avoidance of glutens in foods that are associated with celiac disease; and
(C) a multicenter, multiyear study estimated that the prevalence of celiac disease in the United States is 0.5 to 1 percent of the general population.
SEC. 203. FOOD LABELING; REQUIREMENT OF INFORMATION REGARDING ALLERGENIC SUBSTANCES.
(a) IN GENERAL- Section 403 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 343) is amended by adding at the end the following:
`(w)(1) If it is not a raw agricultural commodity and it is, or it contains an ingredient that bears or contains, a major food allergen, unless either--
`(A) the word `Contains', followed by the name of the food source from which the major food allergen is derived, is printed immediately after or is adjacent to the list of ingredients (in a type size no smaller than the type size used in the list of ingredients) required under subsections (g) and (i); or
`(B) the common or usual name of the major food allergen in the list of ingredients required under subsections (g) and (i) is followed in parentheses by the name of the food source from which the major food allergen is derived, except that the name of the food source is not required when--
`(i) the common or usual name of the ingredient uses the name of the food source from which the major food allergen is derived; or
`(ii) the name of the food source from which the major food allergen is derived appears elsewhere in the ingredient list, unless the name of the food source that appears elsewhere in the ingredient list appears as part of the name of a food ingredient that is not a major food allergen under section 201(qq)(2)(A) or (B).
`(2) As used in this subsection, the term `name of the food source from which the major food allergen is derived' means the name described in section 201(qq)(1); provided that in the case of a tree nut, fish, or Crustacean shellfish, the term `name of the food source from which the major food allergen is derived' means the name of the specific type of nut or species of fish or Crustacean shellfish.
`(3) The information required under this subsection may appear in labeling in lieu of appearing on the label only if the Secretary finds that such other labeling is sufficient to protect the public health. A finding by the Secretary under this paragraph (including any change in an earlier finding under this paragraph) is effective upon publication in the Federal Register as a notice.
`(4) Notwithstanding subsection (g), (i), or (k), or any other law, a flavoring, coloring, or incidental additive that is, or that bears or contains, a major food allergen shall be subject to the labeling requirements of this subsection.
`(5) The Secretary may by regulation modify the requirements of subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1), or eliminate either the requirement of subparagraph (A) or the requirements of subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1), if the Secretary determines that the modification or elimination of the requirement of subparagraph (A) or the requirements of subparagraph (B) is necessary to protect the public health.
`(6)(A) Any person may petition the Secretary to exempt a food ingredient described in section 201(qq)(2) from the allergen labeling requirements of this subsection.
`(B) The Secretary shall approve or deny such petition within 180 days of receipt of the petition or the petition shall be deemed denied, unless an extension of time is mutually agreed upon by the Secretary and the petitioner.
`(C) The burden shall be on the petitioner to provide scientific evidence (including the analytical method used to produce the evidence) that demonstrates that such food ingredient, as derived by the method specified in the petition, does not cause an allergic response that poses a risk to human health.
`(D) A determination regarding a petition under this paragraph shall constitute final agency action.
`(E) The Secretary shall promptly post to a public site all petitions received under this paragraph within 14 days of receipt and the Secretary shall promptly post the Secretary's response to each.
`(7)(A) A person need not file a petition under paragraph (6) to exempt a food ingredient described in section 201(qq)(2) from the allergen labeling requirements of this subsection, if the person files with the Secretary a notification containing--
`(i) scientific evidence (including the analytical method used) that demonstrates that the food ingredient (as derived by the method specified in the notification, where applicable) does not contain allergenic protein; or
`(ii) a determination by the Secretary that the ingredient does not cause an allergic response that poses a risk to human health under a premarket approval or notification program under section 409.
`(B) The food ingredient may be introduced or delivered for introduction into interstate commerce as a food ingredient that is not a major food allergen 90 days after the date of receipt of the notification by the Secretary, unless the Secretary determines within the 90-day period that the notification does not meet the requirements of this paragraph, or there is insufficient scientific evidence to determine that the food ingredient does not contain allergenic protein or does not cause an allergenic response that poses a risk to human health.
`(C) The Secretary shall promptly post to a public site all notifications received under this subparagraph within 14 days of receipt and promptly post any objections thereto by the Secretary.
`(x) Notwithstanding subsection (g), (i), or (k), or any other law, a spice, flavoring, coloring, or incidental additive that is, or that bears or contains, a food allergen (other than a major food allergen), as determined by the Secretary by
regulation, shall be disclosed in a manner specified by the Secretary by regulation.'.
(b) EFFECT ON OTHER AUTHORITY- The amendments made by this section that require a label or labeling for major food allergens do not alter the authority of the Secretary of Health and Human Services under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 301 et seq.) to require a label or labeling for other food allergens.
(c) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS-
(1) Section 201 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321) (as amended by section 102(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
`(qq) The term `major food allergen' means any of the following:
`(1) Milk, egg, fish (e.g., bass, flounder, or cod), Crustacean shellfish (e.g., crab, lobster, or shrimp), tree nuts (e.g., almonds, pecans, or walnuts), wheat, peanuts, and soybeans.
`(2) A food ingredient that contains protein derived from a food specified in paragraph (1), except the following:
`(A) Any highly refined oil derived from a food specified in paragraph (1) and any ingredient derived from such highly refined oil.
`(B) A food ingredient that is exempt under paragraph (6) or (7) of section 403(w).'.
(2) Section 403A(a)(2) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 343-1(a)(2)) is amended by striking `or 403(i)(2)' and inserting `403(i)(2), 403(w), or 403(x)'.
(d) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by this section shall apply to any food that is labeled on or after January 1, 2006.
SEC. 204. REPORT ON FOOD ALLERGENS.
Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Health and Human Services (in this section referred to as the `Secretary') shall submit to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate and the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives a report that--
(1)(A) analyzes--
(i) the ways in which foods, during manufacturing and processing, are unintentionally contaminated with major food allergens, including contamination caused by the use by manufacturers of the same production line to produce both products for which major food allergens are intentional ingredients and products for which major food allergens are not intentional ingredients; and
(ii) the ways in which foods produced on dedicated production lines are unintentionally contaminated with major food allergens; and
(B) estimates how common the practices described in subparagraph (A) are in the food industry, with breakdowns by food type as appropriate;
(2) advises whether good manufacturing practices or other methods can be used to reduce or eliminate cross-contact of foods with the major food allergens;
(3) describes--
(A) the various types of advisory labeling (such as labeling that uses the words `may contain') used by food producers;
(B) the conditions of manufacture of food that are associated with the various types of advisory labeling; and
(C) the extent to which advisory labels are being used on food products;
(4) describes how consumers with food allergies or the caretakers of consumers would prefer that information about the risk of cross-contact be communicated on food labels as determined by using appropriate survey mechanisms;
(5) states the number of inspections of food manufacturing and processing facilities conducted in the previous 2 years and describes--
(A) the number of facilities and food labels that were found to be in compliance or out of compliance with respect to cross-contact of foods with residues of major food allergens and the proper labeling of major food allergens;
(B) the nature of the violations found; and
(C) the number of voluntary recalls, and their classifications, of foods containing undeclared major food allergens; and
(6) assesses the extent to which the Secretary and the food industry have effectively addressed cross-contact issues.
SEC. 205. INSPECTIONS RELATING TO FOOD ALLERGENS.
The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall conduct inspections consistent with the authority under section 704 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 374) of facilities in which foods are manufactured, processed, packed, or held--
(1) to ensure that the entities operating the facilities comply with practices to reduce or eliminate cross-contact of a food with residues of major food allergens that are not intentional ingredients of the food; and
(2) to ensure that major food allergens are properly labeled on foods.
SEC. 206. GLUTEN LABELING.
Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, in consultation with appropriate experts and stakeholders, shall issue a proposed rule to define, and permit use of, the term `gluten-free' on the labeling of foods. Not later than 4 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue a final rule to define, and permit use of, the term `gluten-free' on the labeling of foods.
SEC. 207. IMPROVEMENT AND PUBLICATION OF DATA ON FOOD-RELATED ALLERGIC RESPONSES.
(a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of Health and Human Services, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and in consultation with the Commissioner of Food and Drugs, shall improve (including by educating physicians and other health care providers) the collection of, and publish as it becomes available, national data on--
(1) the prevalence of food allergies;
(2) the incidence of clinically significant or serious adverse events related to food allergies; and
(3) the use of different modes of treatment for and prevention of allergic responses to foods.
(b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary.
SEC. 208. FOOD ALLERGIES RESEARCH.
(a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of Health and Human Services, acting through the Director of the National Institutes of Health, shall convene an ad hoc panel of nationally recognized experts in allergy and immunology to review current basic and clinical research efforts related to food allergies.
(b) RECOMMENDATIONS- Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the panel shall make recommendations to the Secretary for enhancing and coordinating research activities concerning food allergies, which the Secretary shall make public.
SEC. 209. FOOD ALLERGENS IN THE FOOD CODE.
The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall, in the Conference for Food Protection, as part of its efforts to encourage cooperative activities between the States under section 311 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 243), pursue revision of the Food Code to provide guidelines for preparing allergen-free foods in food establishments, including in restaurants, grocery store delicatessens and bakeries, and elementary and secondary school cafeterias. The Secretary shall consider guidelines and recommendations developed by public and private entities for public and private food establishments for preparing allergen-free foods in pursuing this revision.
SEC. 210. RECOMMENDATIONS REGARDING RESPONDING TO FOOD-RELATED ALLERGIC RESPONSES.
The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall, in providing technical assistance relating to trauma care and emergency medical services to State and local agencies under section 1202(b)(3) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300d-2(b)(3)), include technical assistance relating to the use of different modes of treatment for and prevention of allergic responses to foods.
Calendar No. 431
108th CONGRESS
2d Session
S. 741
[Report No. 108-226]
A BILL
To amend the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act with regard to new animal drugs, and for other purposes.

Posted on: Mon, 03/01/2004 - 5:49am
Nutternomore's picture
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One other point that has occurred to me that we can use to "sell" this legislation with members of Congress is to point out how the legislation will also assist their other constituents.
Specifically, we see that due to increased incidence of food allergies, some schools are moving to implement risk reduction programs (some call them 'bans') that involve restricting which foods can be brought to school.
As challenging as it is for families with food allergic kids to manage shopping, [b]it is even more difficult for parents of classmates to properly read labels [/b], since they usually don't have to deal with the implications on a day-to-day basis.
Passage of this legislation will also aid those constituents by making it easier for them read labels with confidence, so that they play their part in keeping food allergic kids safe.
Then remind them..."It takes a village..."

Posted on: Mon, 03/01/2004 - 6:41am
pgrubbs's picture
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Joined: 10/27/2003 - 09:00

Excellent point.

Posted on: Mon, 03/01/2004 - 11:39am
synthia's picture
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March 1, 2004
Mrs. Synthia xxxxx
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Dear Synthia,
Thank you for contacting me with your support for H.R. 3684, the Food Allergen Consumer Protection Act of 2003. I appreciate hearing from you on this issue.
Every year thousands of people have allergic reactions and are injured because they are not aware that a certain type of known food allergen is contained in the food they are eating. H.R. 3684 would require food labels to identify known food allergens contained in their product. The bill defines "known food allergen" to include milk, eggs, fish, crustacea, tree nuts, wheat, peanuts, soybeans, other grains containing gluten, and any food the Secretary of Health and Human Services determines to cause allergic or adverse responses which endanger human health. That also includes spices, flavorings, colorings, or incidental additives that are or contain a known food allergen.
H.R. 3684 is currently pending before the House Energy and Commerce Committee and no action is scheduled. I will, however, support this measure should it come to the House floor for a vote.
Again, thanks for contacting me.
Sincerely,
Mark Foley
Member of Congress
Love this site
Synthia

Posted on: Wed, 03/03/2004 - 12:36am
Jana R's picture
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That's great, Synthia!! I noticed he's a Republican - if you didn't ask him if he'd consider being a co-sponsor, could you write him again? Maybe you could point out that as of last week, Christopher Shays (R) signed on as a co-sponsor so you'd like to see more Republicans get on board - it might have less chance of dying in committee if it has bipartisan co-sponsorship.
------------------
Jana
[url="http://www.seattlefoodallergy.org"]www.seattlefoodallergy.org[/url]

Posted on: Wed, 03/03/2004 - 1:51am
synthia's picture
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Jane R,
You have mail!!
Please let me know if you do not get it.
Love this site
Synthia

Posted on: Tue, 03/09/2004 - 5:27am
Nutternomore's picture
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[b]Yesterday the FALCPA passed the Senate, by unanimous consent!!![/b]
Thanks so much to everyone who called and wrote to their Senators in support of this bill.
It is still stuck in Subcommittee for Health in the house, so it is now more important than ever to give your support. If the bill doesn't get out of committee, [i]it will die there.[/i]
[b]PLEASE call or write today to your Representative.[/b] We are so close to getting this bill passed, but we need everyone's help to repel the food lobby's last ditch attempt to kill this bill. Let your Representative know that this bill is important to you. Remember, it's an election year, and they are looking for legislation to pass that is less controversal.

Posted on: Tue, 03/09/2004 - 5:30am
Nutternomore's picture
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Here's a link to Sen. Gregg's press release:
[url="http://gregg.senate.gov/press/press030904.htm"]http://gregg.senate.gov/press/press030904.htm[/url]
Remember that the strategy in the Senate was to attach the FALCPA legislation to another bill on animal drugs in order to push it through. In the House, FALCPA is a stand-alone bill (HR 3684).
-------
Tuesday, March 9, 2004 Contact: Erin Rath/Jeff Turcotte
Gregg Food Allergens Labeling and Animal Drug Legislation Passes Senate
Washington, DC - The Senate last night approved two-fold, bipartisan legislation that will provide allergen information to children and adults who suffer from food allergies. S. 741, a bill that combines the Minor Use and Minor Species Animal Health Act of 2003 and Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act of 2003 establishes plain language labeling of allergenic substances in food and also allows companies the opportunity to develop and market FDA-authorized drugs that are vital to a large number of animal species. Senator Judd Gregg, Chairman of the Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee, successfully moved both measures through his committee November 2003.

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