Comparison of the history of vaccines with history of food allergies

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1800 - Peanuts were grown commercially in South Carolina and used for oil

1879 - First vaccine for cholera 1890 - First vaccine for tetanus 1896 - First vaccine for typhoid fever 1897 - First vaccine for bubonic plague

1901 - The first case report of food allergy (cows' milk allergy) was published by Hamburger in 1901. [Cow's milk has been used for vaccine culture media - bfg]

1917 - Cholera vaccine 1917 - Typhoid vaccine (parenteral) 1919 - Oil was substituted for the saline solution in vaccines

1920 - At Google books, the “Peanut Allergy Answer” book says 1920 was the first reference of a nut allergy.

1921 First vaccine for diphtheria 1926 First vaccine for pertussis (whooping cough) 1927 First vaccine for tuberculosis

1934 - Study of 508 residents of Clover, Virginia. 60% of the residents had allergies

1935 - Yellow Fever vaccine 1945 - First vaccine for influenza

1950 - When the first case of sesame allergy was reported in 1950, the allergen was considered anything but ordinary.

1952 First vaccine for polio 1955 Inactivated polio vaccine licensed

1960 Children received on average one or two vaccines 1961 Monovalent oral polio vaccine licensed. 1963 Trivalent oral polio vaccine licensed 1964 First vaccine for measles 1967 First vaccine for mumps 1968-69 Rubella vaccine licensed 1970 First vaccine for rubella 1970 Anthrax vaccine manufactured by the Michigan Department of Public Health. 1971 Measles, Mumps, Rubella vaccine licensed (MMR). 1974 First vaccine for chicken pox

1976 At Google books, the “Peanut Allergy Answer” book says that there was no research in the field of peanut allergy until 1976.

1977 First vaccine for pneumonia (Streptococcus pneumoniae) 1978 First vaccine for meningitis (Neisseria meningitidis)

1978 the CDC added the triple shot MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) to the growing baby immunization program.

1978 Fluzone, the current flu vaccine that is made by Aventis pasteur, was licensed.

1980 Children received 8-9 vaccines

1982 Hepatitis B vaccine becomes available. 1983 Pneumococcal vaccine, 23 valent

1983 First case of Brazil nut anaphylaxis in the UK

1986 Licensure of first recombinant vaccine (hepatitis B)

1988 - four people died of peanut allergy 1990 Children were routinely given 10 vaccinations

1990 Licensure of first polysaccharide conjugate vaccine (Haemophilus influenzae type b)

1991 Universal infant hepatitis B vaccination recommended for all infants 1991 Acellular pertussis vaccine (DTaP) licensed for use in older children aged 15 months to six years old. 1993 Japanese encephalitis vaccine

1994 First known case of lupin allergy

1995 Varicella vaccine licensed 1995 Hepatitis A vaccine licensed. 1996 Acellular pertussis vaccine licensed for infants 1997 Sequential polio vaccination recommended

1997 1 in 250 young children had peanut allergy in the US 1997 6 deaths due to food anaphylaxis 1997 First known case of allergy to ingested pectin

1999 First rotavirus vaccine licensed. 1999 Combination vaccines

1999 Approximately 125 people die each year in the USA secondary to food-induced anaphylaxis

2000 Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (Prevnar) recommended for all young children.

2000 Children now receive 33 vaccines before they enter school – a huge increase. 2002 - 1 in 125 young children had peanut allergy in the US 2002 - From 1997 to 2002 - within five years of the introduction of Genetically Engineered soy peanut allergies doubled.

2003 First live attenuated influenza vaccine licensed (FluMist) for use in 5 to 49 year old persons. 2003 The CDC recommended that children 6 to 23 months of age receive an annual flu vaccination. 2003 First Adult Immunization Schedule introduced.

2003 First case of allergy to lingonberry

2004 Inactivated influenza vaccine recommended for all children 6 to 23 months of age. 2004 Pediarix,a vaccine that combines the DTaP, IPV, and Hep B vaccines, into one shot, is approved. 2005 Boostrix and Adacel, Tdap vaccines, are approved for teens. 2005 Menactra, a new meningococcal vaccine is approved for people between the ages of 11 to 55 years of age. 2006 RotaTeq is a new rotavirus vaccine from Merck. 2006 ProQuad is a new vaccine that combines the MMR and Varivax vaccines for measles, mumps, rubella, and chicken pox into a single shot. 2006 Gardasil, the first HPV vaccine is approved. 2007 A booster dose of Varivax, the chickenpox vaccine, is now recommended for all children. 2007 The recommended age for Flumist, the nasal spray flu vaccine, was lowered to two years.

2007 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has released the first federal study focused on childhood food allergies -- with surprising results. The study, released last month, found that the number of children with food allergies is on the rise, with an 18 percent increase of reported cases over the past decade. In 2007, about 3 million children under age 18 reported food or digestive allergies during the previous 12-month period.

2008 Kinrix, a combination of DTaP and IPV that can be used for children between the ages of 4 and 6 is approved. 2008 Pentacel, a combination of DTaP, IPV and Hib is approved. 2008 Rotarix, a two dose rotavirus vaccine is approved.

2008 - One in every 17 children under the age of 3 has food allergy. It is estimated that more than 150 people die annually from anaphylaxis to food.

A generation ago, a child with an allergy was virtually unheard of.

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